Zithromax chlamydia symptoms in mouth


What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually-transmitted infection (STI) caused by a tiny bacterium, Chlamydia trachomatis.

It is now the most common STI in the UK. It affects both sexes, although women are more at risk.

And it's thought that tens of thousands of other people have caught the infection, but they are unaware that they've got it. 

Screening has recently shown that in some parts of Britain, particularly 'party towns,' between 10 and 20 per cent of sexually-active young adults have chlamydia.

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Chlamydia can be cured, but unfortunately it often produces no symptoms in either men or women, so it can often remain undetected.

If left untreated it can have serious complications. It has recently been estimated that 40 per cent of women who have untreated chlamydia may develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), a condition in which the internal genital organs are permanently damaged. The results may be sterility and long-term pain.

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In 2014 the famous Max Planck institute in Germany announced that there was a possibility that chlamydial infection might help to cause cancer – by knocking out the body's anti-cancer defences. But the evidence for this is still slim. So there is no need for people who have had the infection to be unduly worried at present.

An alarming headline currently appears on the website of a British daily newspaper. It says:

One in 10 Women Have Chlamydia

In fact, this is not true. The headline refers to research which suggested that among sexually-active British women aged under 25, the incidence of chlamydia was around 9%.

However, this figure is undeniably pretty bad. The truth is that there is now a virtual epidemic of chlamydial infection among young adults. In 2014, the number of cases of chlamydia in the UK was not far short of a quarter of a million.

Indeed, the National Chlamydia Screening Programme announced in 2015 that all sexually-active men and women who are aged under 25 should be screened for chlamydia annually – and screened again whenever they change a sexual partner.

They also suggest that gay men who have 'condomless sex' with new or casual partners should be screened every three months.

Are there any symptoms?

Very often, there are no symptoms at all. But some women may experience:

These are very 'non-specific' symptoms and can be caused by other infections and diseases. If you go to a GP or family planning doctor with those symptoms, make sure you have a chlamydia test. You are entitled to ask for the test if you aren't offered it.

In men, chlamydia often causes slight discharge from the penis. Sometimes it can cause mild irritation at the tip of the male organ. Often, there are no symptoms at all

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Many men will wait to see if the discharge or irritation will go away. Though those symptoms may disappear, the man can still harbour the infection.

If in doubt, get tested. Otherwise, you could put yourself at risk of inflamed and swollen testicles – and also pass chlamydia on to your partner.

Anal sex. In recent years, it's become clear that rectal (anal) intercourse can spread chlamydia. This applies to both gay and straight people.

Features of chlamydial infection in the bottom can include soreness and rectal discharge – but there could be no symptoms.

Oral sex. Chlamydia can also be transmitted by oral sex. Indeed, a recent study of professional sex workers established that quite a few prostitutes have the germ in their throats. The 'bug' can cause a sore throat, but often there may be no throat or mouth symptoms at all.

The eyes. In recent years, it has become clear that chlamydia can quite often affect the eyes.

If you develop conjunctivitis in one eye, and it won't clear up despite treatment from your doctor, you should go to a genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic for a chlamydia test.

What complications can chlamydia cause?

Unfortunately, there can be a lot of long-term complications.

  • In some women chlamydia may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This can damage the Fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the womb. The tubes may stop working properly and can become completely blocked – causing sterility.
  • Chlamydia can cause salpingitis, which is a painful inflammation of the Fallopian tubes.
  • In men, chlamydial infection can affect sperm function and male fertility. It's the most common cause of inflammation in the testicles and sperm-conducting tubes (epididymo-orchitis) in men under the age of 35. Symptoms include pain and swelling in the scrotum.
  • Chlamydia can trigger joint inflammation in some men. Although this is uncommon, it can be difficult to treat.

Where can you get tested and treated?

The UK's genito-urinary medicine (GUM) clinics form one of the best networks in the world to diagnose and treat STIs. But people often don't realise that they have chlamydia, so they don't seek advice at one of these clinics.

Regrettably, doctors working in other fields may not suspect chlamydia when assessing a person's symptoms, so they might not do an appropriate test. Healthcare professionals are sometimes unaware of how common chlamydia is and that it can be present without causing symptoms.

So in general, if you have taken a risk – it's best to go to a GUM clinic for assessment. At present, the quickest way to find a clinic is to visit the website of the Family Planning Association, click on 'Find A Clinic,' and then tap in your postcode.

Good advice

Make sure your friends have heard about chlamydia and its consequences.


Source: http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/conditions/sexual-health/a2252/chlamydia/


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